Authors such as Ausubel and Bruner, as famous as constructive or modeling learning concepts parents, claimed that the most appropriate learning is not one where what should be learned is presented in its final form, but the one that must be discovered by which learns. Unlike the traditional teaching model that is used today in the traditional educational system, where the Professor is the holder of the knowledge and deals with transmit it in different ways according to your criterion, the theory of the Learning by Doing puts the emphasis on the actions that the student plays when he learns. This methodology looks for a restoration of the natural pedagogical order where the practical aspects are combined evenly with the theoretical, and where the knowledge of the various disciplines are intimately connected as it occurs in real life. Thus, for example, learn how to cut hair may seem a simple activity, but actually involves integrating concepts related to mathematics and art, like symmetry (Mathematical competence and) cultural and artistic), regulate the cutting process and bring a unique style (competence and personal autonomy) and consult the client about their views with respect to the cut to fit their needs (social competence and civic). Roger Schank, exponent of current of this form of teaching, says that student learning is meaningful we must place it in situations or learning experiences that can be both real, as do the purchase, such as simulated, like a video game in which the student has to take a company, deal with customers, banks or vendorsperforming inventories or balance. How to teach using this methodology according to Roberto Carballo, lecturer at the Complutense University of Madrid, the process of learning making involves three key elements: jump into the pool, i.e., to take action. Using a float, i.e. a method.
Accompanied by a monitor, which monitors your progress. In this way, the students will face real or simulated situations that They must deal with putting into practice all the knowledge that they have acquired so far, but also asking other people, researching on the Internet, referring to bibliography, etc. In this type of learning any action that the student play is valid if it leads to meaningful learning, so it is closely related to the concept of competency-based education. Some orientations Carballo offers to teachers on its website: designing workspace that pupils discover it while they learn. Give it prominence both to the student and to the grupo-aula. Raising activities based on experience.
As teachers take on the role of expert consultant, to which students can go if they need it or believe it timely. However, in this topic there is much to investigate yet and will be precisely in these investigations from which will emerge a methodology that teachers can use in the classroom. In addition, there is an added problem and is the digital divide that exists between the majority of teachers, even the defenders at any cost of learning by doing and their digital native students; Therefore the training of teachers in educational technologies becomes more necessary than ever.