The federalisation of Buenos Aires, obtained with a high quota of violence in 1880, it marked the reinforcement of a tendency that it looked for to shape that one ideological line of manchesteriano liberalism, the French revolution and the North American emancipation. All this took to a masnica stamp and the consequent permanent conflict with the catholicism. This line formalized intellectually by Sarmiento and Alberdi, directly tried a substitution of the past generated by the Indian right, and the promise of Galilea, although they did not cheer up with the language of Cervantes. The attempt was very serious, and that substitution, that today would be described with slants of ethnic cleaning, postulated to replace the gauchos by Anglo-Saxons or German. I complete Vine shoot, he was very explicit, and he said in his Conflict and harmony of Races in America, of 1883: We are the United States.
More instead of teutnicos or Scandinavian Anglo-Saxon immigrants, another important migratory flow came. In its majority they came from countries expelled that them to constitute sectors, excluded from the processes from formation of the respective states – nations. Thus they appeared: the Gallegos; Basoues; Valencian, Asturian, Catalan; Neapolitan; privateerings; occitanos; Sardinian; Jews originating of Russia and Poland, Syrians and other originating ones of the Ottoman Empire, as well as of originating countries of the Austrohungarian Empire. Although this migratory alluvium was at the time described like crucible as races, it is done to us that it did not infer itself at the time, the quota of cultural pluralism that it implied. The sector that seized of the powers public, particularly as of 1880, led the task of of nationalizing, to the descendants of that powerful migratory current, which by a long time, made neglect the existing racially mixed population, particularly majority, outside hinterland of Humid Pampas. Not without the usual manifestations of violence, that group that held the formal public and deprived powers, recognized the men who inhabited the provinces (not to which they inhabited then the nine territories nationals) the right of secret and obligatory vote, because until then the political regime he legitimized myself by elections where the vote was public and voluntary.